Venous Thromboembolism - Detailed Explanation

 Venous Thromboembolism - Detailed Explanation 

Venous Thromboembolism - Detailed Explanation

Venous thromboembolism refers to the formation of a semi-solid mass of blood in a vein, a disease that includes both deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism, and is a common, fatal, and often overlooked disorder. It also leads to serious complications in the long run.

Brief summary of Venous Thromboembolism:

Venous thromboembolism is a common and fatal disorder that can lead to serious long-term complications. The deep type of venous thrombosis affects the legs and can affect the lungs.

Venous blood clots may occur without a known cause, and several factors may lead to their occurrence, and it must be noted that lack of physical activity is one of the most factors that lead to the formation of venous blood clots.

Types of Venous Thromboembolism:

Deep vein thrombosis: It often affects the legs, but it can affect the veins of the arms, and the danger of this type is represented in the fragmentation of that clot and its transmission to the lungs.

Pulmonary embolismIt is also called pulmonary volvulus, and it occurs as a result of the fragmentation of a deep clot from the veins in the legs or arms and its transmission to the lung, which leads to a serious health problem.

Causes of Venous Thromboembolism:

  • Damage to the walls of the veins.
  • Blood stops in the blood vessels and slows its flow.
  • Increased density of blood plasma and platelets.
  • Unclear reason.

Venous Thromboembolism Risk Factors:

  • Lack of physical activity and immobility for a long time, such as paralysis or hospitalization for a long time.
  • Chronic diseases such as high blood pressure.
  • Pregnancy because of its load on the legs, as well as contraceptive methods.
  • Hereditary blood diseases.
  • Prior thrombosis.
  • Pelvic fractures.
  • Cancer.
  • surgeries.
  • Obesity.
  • Smoking.
  • Family medical history.

Venous Thromboembolism Symptoms:

Symptoms vary according to the type of stroke, whether it is a stroke in the legs or lung:

Obstructive venous thrombosis:

  1. Pain and swelling in the leg or hand.
  2. Constant feeling of heat in the leg or arm.
  3. Redness and deformation of the skin of the leg or hand.

Pulmonary embolism:

  1. Breathing difficulty.
  2. Arrhythmia.
  3. Sudden fainting and feeling numb.
  4. Pain in the chest area, especially when coughing.
  5. The appearance of blood in the cough.

Venous Thromboembolism Complications:

Complications resulting from the development of the disease include chronic thrombotic pulmonary hypertension and also venous insufficiency, which leads to fluid accumulation in the legs and swelling.

Venous Thromboembolism Diagnosis :

Venous thromboembolism is diagnosed by conducting blood tests, as well as by clinical examination of the patient. Venous thromboembolism can also be diagnosed by CT scan, magnetic resonance imaging, x-ray examination, and ultrasound.

Venous Thromboembolism Treatment:

  • Taking blood thinners and preventing the formation of clots, whether by mouth or intravenous injection.
  • Wearing compression stockings that keep blood flowing in the legs and prevent pooling.
  • Surgical operations in rare cases.

Venous Thromboembolism Prevention:

  • Exercising regularly.
  • Refrain and stop smoking.
  • Move while staying in hospitals for any sick reason and avoid staying in bed unless necessary.
  • When unable to leave the bed, air pressure devices should be used to prevent clots from forming in the legs, as well as wearing compression stockings.
  • Avoid placing a foot on a foot or a leg on a leg while sitting or lying down for a long time.
  • When traveling long distances, you should take advantage of any downtime on the way and walk for a while to stimulate blood circulation in the legs.
  • Follow a healthy diet to avoid weight gain.

It should be noted, dear visitors of our website, that the article and the information mentioned in it do not replace the need to consult a doctor.... Stay Healthy.

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