High blood pressure (hypertension) - Causes and Symptoms

 High blood pressure (hypertension) - Causes and Symptoms

When continuous blood pressure occurs on the walls of the arteries, this causes high blood pressure, which leads to serious problems for the heart and health in general.

And what enhances the danger of high blood pressure is that it does not cause symptoms of the disease, but it can lead to serious health problems such as heart and kidney failure. As well as stroke, blood pressure must be measured periodically to avoid these serious health problems.

High blood pressure can be controlled by following a healthy lifestyle in terms of nutrition and regular exercise.

Causes of High blood pressure:

High blood pressure occurs for health reasons and problems in the body, so high pressure is one of the symptoms of these diseases, and in many cases, high blood pressure is due to an unknown cause.

Therefore, the causes of high blood pressure can be divided into two causes, one of which is an unknown main cause that develops with age and the passage of time, which may take years, and the other is a secondary accidental cause as a result of a problem in the body.

Among the health problems that cause high blood pressure are:
  • Kidney problems or hormonal imbalances.
  • Thyroid dysfunction.
  • Sleep obstruction (interruption of breathing during sleep).
  • The presence of vascular problems since birth as a congenital defect.
  • Abuse of certain medications, narcotic substances or alcoholic beverages.

Symptoms of high blood pressure:

In most cases, high blood pressure may not cause symptoms even if it is measured and the readings of those measurements give a rise in it.

However, it may happen sometimes that some symptoms that indicate high blood pressure appear in some people, among those symptoms are the following:
  • Breathing difficulties.
  • Bleeding from the nose.
  • Occasional headache.
It should be noted that the previous symptoms may not occur except when high blood pressure reaches a dangerous stage that may cause serious health problems that could threaten the patient's life.

Diagnosing high blood pressure:

High blood pressure can be diagnosed through the patient's medical and family history, as well as some laboratory analyzes and blood pressure measurements, and some medical tests to exclude any of the factors that enhance the risk of high blood pressure.

Risk factors for high blood pressure:

There are some factors that exacerbate high blood pressure and reach a dangerous level, including:
  • An unhealthy diet based on too much salt in food.
  • Smoking.
  • Diabetes.
  • Obesity.
  • Not doing any physical activities for a long time and excessive lethargy.
  • Family history of high blood pressure.
  • Substance abuse and alcohol intake.
  • Psychological stress and advancing age.

Complications of high blood pressure:

Negligence in treating high blood pressure or failure to detect it early may lead to serious health problems that can lead to death, including:
  • Poor concentration, memory scattering, and forgetfulness problems.
  • Heart attacks and heart failure.
  • stroke.
  • Kidney diseases can lead to kidney failure.
  • Vision loss.
  • The occurrence of aneurysms and atherosclerosis.
  • Erectile dysfunction.

High blood pressure treatment:

High blood pressure is treated by taking the medications prescribed by the attending physician, which are appropriate for each case after diagnosing the disease, and also by following a healthy diet and lifestyle that avoids inactivity.

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