Osteoarthritis Causes And Treatment
Osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis that is more common and often occurs in the joints of the hands, hips, and knees. With age, the cartilage in the joint begins to break down, and the underlying bone begins to change. In most cases, symptoms develop, which worsens the situation and increases the severity of the disease. Pain, stiffness, swelling, and in some cases disabling, and some become unable to carry out daily tasks or work.
With age, erosion occurs in the cartilage lining the joint (which allows the joint to move easily) and this erosion occurs slowly, as the erosion of the cartilage causes the bones of the joint to rub against each other; This causes pain and swelling in the movement of the joint, and the eroded pieces of cartilage may separate and impede the movement of the bones, which leads to increased pain, swelling and stiffness.
Osteoarthritis Risk Factors:
- Older age because they used their joints longer.
- Women are more likely to develop osteoporosis than men, especially after the age of 50.
- Having a family history of osteoarthritis.
- Being overweight or obese: Excess weight can worsen arthritis in the weight-bearing joints (eg: knees, hips, and spine).
- Joint injury: Joints that are injured, damaged, or previously injected with steroids are likely to be affected.
- People who work in jobs that require performing the same movement in any part of the body more than once in the same manner.
- Pain in the joints with movement and exertion begins to subside when resting, but in the advanced stages of the disease the pain extends and increases more during the night.
- Joint stiffness and usually lasts less than 30 minutes in the morning or after resting for a while.
- Swelling in and around the joint, especially after moving the joint a lot.
- Impairment in the ability to move the joint.
- Feeling that the joint is unstable.
- Hearing a sound when moving the joint.
- As symptoms worsen over time, it may be difficult to do some activities (eg: climbing stairs).
- The pain and other symptoms of osteoarthritis can make you feel tired, have trouble sleeping, and feel depressed.
When to see a doctor:
- When you have symptoms of arthritis (eg: pain, stiffness or swelling in one or more joints).
- Arthritis has many types, and there may be more than one type at a time.
Through the doctor, the medical history and physical examination are carried out, and the doctor may do x-rays on the joint or blood laboratory tests; To rule out other forms of arthritis, do an MRI of the joint, or take a sample of joint fluid to rule out other causes of joint pain (such as infection or gout).
- Although many people with osteoarthritis have no symptoms, progressive joint failure can eventually lead to pain and disability.
- Patients with chronic arthritis, especially the joints of the lower extremities, who do not exercise, have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
- Obese people who have arthritis are at an increased risk of developing the disease.
- Vitamin D deficiency may lead to the development of osteoarthritis.
Prevention of Osteoarthritis:
- Avoid obesity and maintain an appropriate healthy weight by eating healthy food that does not lead to weight gain.
- Maintain physical activity.
- Quit Smoking
- Protect the joints from injuries by doing special exercises for them.
- Ensure that the work site is free from falling hazards and that it has the space, equipment and tools appropriate to your physical ability.
- See your doctor right away if your joints are swollen, warm, or red, as they may have an infection.
- Relief of pain and other symptoms.
- Improve joint function.
- Prevent the disease from getting worse.
- Maintain the quality of your life.
- Exercising can reduce joint pain and stiffness and increase flexibility and muscle strength. Talk to a professional about a safe exercise program. Remember to start an exercise program slowly and take the time to adjust to the new level of activity.
- Reducing weight to help reduce stress on the joints, reduce pain, prevent further injury, and improve movement in the joint.
- Prevent further injury and improve mobility in the joints.
- Using special devices to support the movement of the bones (such as crutches).
- Some people may need medications to help control symptoms such as pain.
- Your doctor may recommend surgery if all other treatments tried haven't helped your arthritis.