Cancer Causes And Prevention
Cancer is a disease that occurs due to the presence of abnormal cells that divide without control and are able to spread to the rest of the body’s organs, There are many types of disease that affect many areas and systems in the human body, and the number of these types exceeds 100.
There is no single cause of cancer, it may occur due to various factors, and the causes of cancer are still largely unknown, and there are some causes that may lead to cancer, namely:
- Chemical substances and carcinogens.
- Hormonal imbalance and genetic mutations.
- genetic factor.
- Tumors appear in the form of lumps anywhere in the body and may spread in an advanced stage of the disease to more than one place in the body.
- Changes in digestion thanks to persistent constipation or diarrhea.
- Difficulty swallowing or digesting.
- Unusual bleeding or blood in the stool or urine.
- Disruption of the menstrual cycle in women without a reason or abnormal vaginal secretions.
- Noticeable change in moles or polyps.
- A persistent and annoying cough or a change in the voice.
- The presence of wounds on the body that do not heal.
- Unexplained weight loss, night sweats or fever.
Cancer is diagnosed in people through medical tests such as:
- Laboratory blood tests.
- X-ray, CT scan, or MRI.
- Endoscopy such as a colonoscopy.
- A biopsy (sample) is taken from the tumor.
Cancer Risk Factors:
- Long-term exposure to direct sunlight without protection is a factor in the development of skin cancer.
- Active and passive smoking.
- Eating unhealthy foods and foods.
- Obesity and lack of exercise.
- Genetic predisposition.
- Unsafe exposure to polluting materials or radioactivity.
Cancer may lead to the emergence of several complications, including:
- Spread of cancer cells in the body.
- Failure to respond to treatment or recurrence of disease.
- Surgical treatment.
- Radiation therapy.
- hormonal therapy.
- Gene therapy.
Prevention of Cancer:
- Quit Smoking.
- Avoid obesity and maintain a normal weight.
- Avoid exposure to harmful sunlight for long periods.
- Eat fruits, vegetables and a healthy diet rich in fiber.
- Exercise regularly.
- Consult a doctor when any abnormal changes occur in the body.