Tinea Symptoms and Treatment
- A common fungal infection caused by dermatophytes; It appears in the form of a ring and a raised edge that is scaly on the skin.
- This fungus grows in a warm and humid climate; Therefore, it is common in the tropics.
- Because of its distinctive sign it can be observed in the body; Where they appear in most areas of the skin.
- Rarely, a fungal infection can spread below the surface of the skin to cause serious illness.
- Maintaining personal hygiene and the cleanliness of the place, clothing and tools is one of the most important means of prevention.
It is a common fungal infection caused by dermatophytes (microscopic organisms that live on the dead outer layer of the skin) and the fungus that causes the rash appears as a ring and a raised, scaly edge on the skin.
Causes of Tinea:
Certain types of fungi cause ringworm. These fungi grow in warm, humid climates; Therefore, it is common in the tropics, and during hot, humid summers. The growth of this fungus increases in warm and humid locker rooms and indoor swimming pools. Ringworm can be infected when the weather is cold; Because it is highly contagious. It is also caused by:
- Touching an infected person.
- Touching objects that have been used by an infected person (such as: towels, clothes, bed linen, or chairs) that have been used by a person with ringworm.
- Some pets that can get a fungal infection (such as: dogs and cats), especially for children.
- Farm animals (livestock), when infected, may be touching the farm gate; Where infected animals pass enough for infection to occur.
- Soil. In rare cases, fungi can be found in the soil, and infection can occur upon contact with soil.
It is important that a doctor diagnose this condition in order to treat it properly. Where there is a similarity between ringworm of the body and other skin diseases (such as: eczema or psoriasis); The diagnosis of tinea corporis is confirmed by scraping a portion of the affected skin and examining it under a microscope. Where this diagnosis may be made if it is difficult to confirm the diagnosis at times; Because of the characteristic histopathological features of tinea corporis, and the microorganisms that cause it reside in the outer layers of the skin.
Because of its distinctive sign it can be observed in the body; It appears in most areas of the skin, in the form of ring-shaped spots, but it changes according to the location of the injury, whether on the feet and palms of the hand, nails, thighs, beard area, or scalp.
Skin Tinea Symptoms:
- The spots appear round and flat with raised, scaly borders.
- Patches on light skin, tend to be red or pink.
- The spots on darker skin are usually brown or gray.
- The spots can grow slowly, increase in size and appear on more areas of the body.
- The spots can itch intensely.
Athlete's foot Symptoms:
- Itching and burning sensation in the soles of the feet and between the toes.
- Dry, scaly skin that usually begins between the toes and may spread to the bottom of the feet, the sides, or both.
- Blisters, cracked, painful skin, bleeding and thick patches of red, scaly skin.
- The skin between the toes turns white and becomes tender and smooth.
- Having an unpleasant odor.
- a rash on one or both hands; Because touching the affected foot can spread the infection to the hands.
Tinea Manuum (hands) Symptoms:
- Dry skin on the palm of the hand.
- Deep cracks in the palm of the hand.
- The infection may spread to the toenails.
- Ring-shaped spots on the back of the hand.
Tinea Unguium (Nails) Symptoms:
- It can affect one or more nails.
- It begins with a thickening of the tissue under the nail.
- Change in the color and thickness of the nails.
- Crumbled nails.
- Nail disappearance.
- Toenails are more susceptible to infection than toenails.
- It often affects people who have tinea pedis for a long time.
Tinea Barbae (beard) Symptoms:
- Speak to people in contact with infected animals, such as farmers and ranchers
- Severe redness and swelling.
- Pus-filled bumps.
- Hair loss (the hair often comes back when ringworm is treated).
- Enlarged lymph nodes.
Tinea Capitis (herpes tonsurans ) Symptoms:
- Hair loss in the affected area with the appearance of thick, scaly patches on the scalp.
- Black dots in the balding area.
- sores with pus
- Swollen lymph nodes.
- severe itching.
Tinea Risk Factors:
- Living in a warm climate.
- Having a person or pet in the house with a fungal infection.
- Sharing clothing, bedding, or towels with someone who has a fungal infection.
- Practicing types of sports that require physical contact, such as: Judo and Karate.
- Sweating while wearing tight or restrictive clothing.
- Shower in public restrooms, changing rooms, or public lockers (such as those in sports clubs and stadiums).
- Weakening of the body's immune system due to disease (such as: diabetes, HIV "AIDS", or leukemia).
- antifungal medications; The medication is prescribed in different forms (such as creams, ointments, and pills), and what you use depends on the area of the body that needs treatment.
- Antifungal pills prescribed by a doctor if ringworm has spread to more than one place.
- If the infection causes abscesses, it may require surgical intervention to drain them outside the body.
- Maintaining cleanliness of the infected area of the body.
Rarely, a fungal infection can spread below the surface of the skin to cause serious illness; But people with weakened immune systems (for example, people with diabetes or people with HIV) may find it difficult to get rid of the infection.
- Maintain personal hygiene by washing hands frequently.
- Maintain the cleanliness of common yards and rooms, especially in schools, child care centers, gyms, and changing rooms.
- When practicing sports, especially those that require physical contact, you should shower immediately after training or a match.
- Maintaining the cleanliness of the sports uniform and washing it after completing the exercise, and maintaining the cleanliness of the sports shoes used and washing them frequently.
- keeping the body cool and dry, and avoiding long-term wearing of thick clothing in warm, humid weather; To avoid excessive sweating.
- dry the body well after bathing and before getting dressed; Because fungi multiply in damp, dark places.
- Avoid infected animals, as the infection often looks like a patch of skin with missing fur.
- Do not share personal items such as clothes, towels, combs, hair brushes, sports equipment, or others. Not borrowing it from others.