Special Needs - All You Want to Know
Defining special needs:
Special needs mean: a complete or partial deficiency, permanently or for a long period of life, in one of the physical, sensory, mental, communicative, educational or psychological abilities, and causes the inability to meet the requirements of normal life by the disabled person and his dependence on others to meet them, Or his need for a special tool that requires training or special qualification to use it properly.
Types of special needs:
- Motor needs: where a person's ability to control the movement of one or more parts of his body is affected.
- Visual needs: ranging from visual impairment to complete blindness.
- Hearing needs: ranging from poor hearing to complete deafness.
- Educational and intellectual needs: affect a person's ability to learn, understand and remember things and process information normally.
- Mental health needs.
- Social and communication needs.
- The extent to which a person is affected by disability varies according to its severity, appearance of symptoms, and ability to treat or social rehabilitation.
Special needs causes:
- Genetic disorders either due to the presence of genes inherited from one of the parents or due to an external influence.
- Some diseases that affect the mother or accidents during pregnancy or childbirth
- Complications of some diseases as a result of neglecting treatment and not controlling the disease, such as:
- Diseases related to muscles and arthritis.
- Heart disease and stroke.
- diabetes mellitus;
- Diseases of the nervous system.
- Acquired disability resulting from a work injury or accident.
- Unknown reasons.
Follow a healthy lifestyle, eat healthy food, exercise, and maintain a healthy weight.
Periodic follow-up with a specialist doctor to control the disease.
Make sure to take regular medication for the disease.
Coexistence with and caring for people with special needs:
Those in contact with people with special needs should strive to provide a healthy and safe environment as much as possible, and the main points that are recommended to pay attention to are:
- Providing daily care for the person, such as personal hygiene, eating, and others, with training him to do some basics if possible.
- Providing innovative means for the person to carry out his daily needs easily and safely without being injured.
- Paying attention to safety and security in the environment surrounding the person, such as providing the place with special corridors to guide and facilitate his movement, for example.
- Paying attention to the social and psychological aspect: this aspect can be improved by organizing periodic visits or trips to recreate it.
- Practicing outdoor activities and hobbies and participating in some clubs, which contribute to improving the psychological and physical condition of people with special needs.
- Ensuring the participation of people with special needs in the daily chores and activities of the family; To strengthen the side of self-confidence and increase his skills.
- Paying attention to the education aspect and developing the person's mental skills; Providing modern educational means that facilitates receiving information.
- Pay attention to balanced nutrition for people with special needs; To prevent them from experiencing malnutrition problems such as anemia, thinness, excessive weight gain, or diseases due to immunodeficiency.
Special needs treatment:
Health care (such as medical treatment or physical therapy, etc.) for people with special needs depends on the type of injury they have, but it is recommended to make sure to visit the doctor periodically to follow up on treatment and take the necessary vaccinations to avoid infection with infectious diseases.