Obesity - Prevention And Ways To Get Rid
The beginning of the definition of obesity as a known excessive or abnormal fat, which harms the health of the individual. The main cause of overweight and obesity is an energy imbalance between the calories that enter the body and the calories it burns.
Causes Of Obesity:
- The nature of the diet of the individual or the family.
- Absence or lack of exercise.
- Some diseases, such as: Cushing's syndrome, underactive thyroid gland and Prader-Willi syndrome, and some medical problems can lead to lack of movement, such as: arthritis, which may result in weight gain.
- Some medicines, such as: antidepressants, some diabetes medicines, some epilepsy medicines as well as some contraceptives may lead to weight gain.
- Sleep disruption: Not getting enough sleep, or vice versa, can cause changes in hormones that increase appetite.
Health complications of obesity:
- Feeling tired and lacking in energy.
- Shortness of breath.
- difficulty sleeping
- Back and joint pain.
- Type 2 diabetes.
- High levels of cholesterol or triglycerides.
- Cardiovascular disease.
- Chronic kidney disease.
- Some psychological problems: low self-esteem, poor self-confidence and isolation, and thus may lead to depression.
- Cancer: such as colorectal, breast, uterine, pancreatic, prostate, esophageal, liver and kidney cancers.
- Health history: Your doctor may review your weight history and efforts to lose weight, exercise habits, eating patterns and other conditions you've had, as well as medications, stress levels and other issues related to your health. Your doctor may also review your family's health history.
- Initial diagnosis: weight, height, high blood pressure, heart rate and temperature.
- Body mass ratio (BMI).
- Waist circumference measurement.
- Blood tests: These include a cholesterol test, liver function tests, thyroid test, and others. Your doctor may also recommend certain heart tests, such as an electrocardiogram.
Obesity treatment aims to achieve and maintain a healthy weight, reduce the risk of serious health problems and enhance the quality of life for the obese person, and this requires the help of a team of specialists, including a nutritionist, who can help the obese person understand his condition, and make some changes in Habits, such as exercising and eating healthy food, and determining a healthy weight and how to reach it, and it is possible that the first goal is to lose 5 to 10 percent of body weight within six months.
A person may feel better when he loses a small amount of weight; That is about 5 to 15 percent of its total weight. That is, if he weighs 91 kg and is considered obese on a BMI scale, he may need to lose 4.5 to 13.6 kg to start seeing positive results.
Special treatment methods:
There are several ways to treat obesity and reach a healthy weight, and the appropriate treatment methods depend on the degree of obesity, the general health condition, the desire to participate in the weight loss plan, and maintaining the correct way to make changes, which he can adhere to for life, in order to maintain weight the appropriate. Treatment methods include:
- Diet changes.
- Exercise regularly.
- Changing wrong behaviours.
- Medications for weight loss, which are available by prescription.
- Weight loss surgery: For those with a BMI over 40.
Whether you are at risk of becoming obese and overweight at the moment, or you are at a healthy weight, you can take steps to prevent unhealthy weight gain and thus prevent related health problems. The steps needed to prevent weight gain are the same as the steps needed to lose weight:
- Exercise daily: According to the American College of Sports Medicine, you need to get 150 minutes to 250 minutes of moderate-intensity activity per week to prevent weight gain, and intense physical activities include: brisk walking and swimming.
- Follow a healthy balanced diet: focus on foods that contain low calories, such as: fruits and vegetables, and avoid saturated fats, sweets, and alcoholic beverages, and choose foods that lead to a healthy weight and good health.
- Long-term monitoring of what you eat or drink.