Malaria - All You Need to Know


Malaria - All You Need to Know

Malaria Definition:

Malaria is an infectious disease caused by a parasite called Plasmodium, transmitted by mosquitoes. This parasite infiltrates red blood cells in the human body and destroys them.

The incubation period :

The incubation period for the disease ranges from 7-30 days.

How does a mosquito transmit Malaria?:

Malaria is transmitted between humans through the bites of the Anopheles mosquito that carries it, called malaria vectors, which bite primarily between dusk and dawn.

Other causes of Malaria:

A person can get malaria in ways other than being bitten by mosquitoes; By exposure to infected blood in the following cases:

  • An infected mother may transmit malaria to the fetus.
    • Blood transfusions from an infected person.
    • Sharing needles with an infected person.


    Symptoms begin to appear within weeks of being bitten by mosquitoes, and the period may extend to about a month, and symptoms include recurrent attacks of:
    • High body temperature and shivering.
    • heavy sweating
    • headache.
    • Nausea and vomiting.
    • Diarrhea.


    • Diagnostic and treatment services in the early stages contribute to alleviating the disease and preventing deaths from it, as well as reducing its transmission.
    • The World Health Organization recommends that, before giving treatment, all suspected malaria cases should be confirmed by a diagnosis that confirms the presence of the parasite (either by microscope or a rapid diagnostic test).
    • Results of that test can be available in 15 minutes or less.
    • Treatment based on symptoms only should be given when a diagnosis that confirms the presence of the parasite cannot be made.


    There is a group of medicines used to treat malaria in the world, used according to the type of parasite detected and the location of infection; Since some of these medicines have developed resistance against them by parasites, they cannot be used.

    Group of antimalarial drugs:
    • Chloroquine
    • Quinine sulfate
    • Hydroxychloroquine (Hydroxychloroquine)
    • Mefloquine
    • A combination of atovaquone and proguanil.


    • Mosquito control.
    • Taking the possible means to protect against mosquito bites, such as wearing long-sleeved clothes, covering the legs in places where insects are prevalent, and using repellent creams.
    •  Putting netting of narrow openings on doors and windows; To prevent entry of insects.
    •  In the case of the use of mosquito nets to sleep outside the house.
    • Avoid traveling to places where malaria is common as much as possible
    • Be sure to take medicines to prevent malaria in the event of a need to travel to malaria-endemic areas by taking the prescribed preventive dose one or two weeks before traveling, during the period of stay in those areas, and for four weeks after returning.
    • Filling in ponds and getting rid of mosquito breeding places contributes to protecting you from malaria and limiting its spread.


    In most cases of people with malaria, one or more complications of the disease:
    • Fluid builds up in the lungs, causing breathing problems.
    •   Liver or kidney failure or spleen rupture.
    •   Anemia.
    •   Swelling occurs in the brain and atrophy of its cells, and cerebral malaria causes coma.
    Stay Healthy...
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