Goitre - Symptoms And Treatment
The thyroid gland is located at the bottom of the neck and takes the shape of a butterfly. In some cases, the size of the thyroid gland may increase more than the normal size, which is known as goiter. The inflation is usually painful and may cause some symptoms to appear, including difficulty breathing, swallowing and severe coughing.
The most common cause of goiter is a lack of iodine in the diet.
Often the goiter occurs as a result of a lack or excess of thyroid hormones or the growth of nodes on the gland itself.
Not all goiters have signs and symptoms, and when symptoms do occur they may include:
- A feeling of tightness in the throat.
- Difficulty swallowing.
- breathing difficulties.
- Iodine deficiency.
- Graves' disease.
- Hashimoto's disease.
- Multinodular hyperplasia.
- Solitary thyroid nodules.
- Thyroid cancer.
The treatment of goiter depends on the extent of the injury and on the symptoms and causes. The simple, unnoticeable enlargement usually does not cause problems and does not require treatment, and the doctor is satisfied with monitoring the development of the condition in the patient.
There are three ways to treat an enlarged gland:
If a person suffers from hypothyroidism, the use of the hormone levothyroxine compensates for the deficiency and relieves the symptoms of hypothyroidism and also slows down the pituitary gland stimulation of the thyroid gland and often reduces the size of inflation. If there is thyroiditis, your doctor will recommend aspirin or a corticosteroid to treat the inflammation.
All or part of the thyroid gland is removed for people who have difficulty breathing or swallowing, or in some cases they contract and cause hyperthyroidism. Surgery is also a treatment for thyroid cancer, and the patient may need levothyroxine treatment after surgery, depending on the part of the thyroid gland removed.
Radioactive iodine is used in some cases to treat hyperthyroidism, and it is taken orally and reaches the thyroid gland through the bloodstream and causes atrophy of gland cells that leads to a reduction in the size of hypertrophy, but it can cause disorders in the gland, so levothyroxine treatment is necessary for life.
- Radioactive iodine: